How to Monitor and Record Refrigerator Temperatures
What Is a Process Indicator?
Arranging Vaccines Inside Any Refrigerator
Giving an Orally Administered Vaccine
What is the Vaccine Cold Chain?
New Vaccine Introduction
IIP-Vaccine Cold Chain
Use and basic maintenance of cold chain and temperature monitoring equipment
VVMs give health workers a quick and easy way to determine if a vaccine has been exposed to too much heat and likely damaged, and should be discarded.