How to Assess Possible Contraindications
Assessing an Infant’s Eligibility for Immunization
Positioning Infants and Children for Vaccination
Arranging Vaccines Inside Any Refrigerator
What Is a Process Indicator?
New Vaccine Introduction
IIP-Vaccine Cold Chain
Use and basic maintenance of cold chain and temperature monitoring equipment
Some vaccines are sensitive to freezing. Once they have frozen, they should not be used. Fortunately, there is a way to tell if a freeze sensitive vaccine has been damaged by exposure to temperatures below zero degrees Celsius: the shake test.